Robots Without Borders

Educational, Medical, and Humanitarian
Artificial Intelligence

Medical AI

Problem:


Today, there is 7.4 billion people in the world. See https://www.census.gov/popclock/ According to World Health Organization and the World Bank, "400 million people do not have access to essential health services." See http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2015/06/12/new-who-and-world-bank-group-report-shows-that-400-million-do-not-have-access-to-essential-health-services-and-6-of-population-tipped-into-or-pushed-further-into-extreme-poverty-because-of-health-spending In other words, more than 90% of the world's population do not have access to essential health services. See http://www.oneillinstituteblog.org/how-many-people-lack-access-to-health-care-hint-more-than-who-and-the-world-bank-report/


"The total estimate of 400 million includes all women whose demand for family planning is not met, pregnant women who did not make at least 4 antenatal visits (minus 38% to account for unintended pregnancies), infants who did not receive 3 doses of DTP-containing vaccine, HIV-positive adults and children not receiving HIV treatment, adults with new cases of TB not receiving TB treatment and children 1–14 years not sleeping under an insecticide-treated bed net (ITN))." See page 20 of the Tracking Universal Health Coverage: First Global Monitoring Report, http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/174536/1/9789241564977_eng.pdf

See page 21 of the Tracking Universal Health Coverage: First Global Monitoring Report, http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/174536/1/9789241564977_eng.pdf

The reasons for lack of access to health services include:
Basic lack of quality health services
Distance to the nearest health facility
Restricted opening hours at facilities
Overcrowded facilities with long waiting times
Cost of health care
Lack of information on available services
Lack of confidence in facilities and staff
Sociocultural barriers

See page 20 of the Tracking Universal Health Coverage: First Global Monitoring Report, http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/174536/1/9789241564977_eng.pdf

The O'Neill Institute for National & Global Health Law argued that mental health care and injuries are vital as well, not to mention effective cancer and Hepatitis C treatments. See http://www.oneillinstituteblog.org/how-many-people-lack-access-to-health-care-hint-more-than-who-and-the-world-bank-report/

Impact of Medical AI:

To solve the problem of lack of essential health services, we are creating a home medical diagnosis AI that would listen to symptoms, ask follow up questions and suggest potential causes and remedies. 

This is an example of an AI with medical information:

 

This is an example of an AI that provides mental health suggestions: